Spectacular Wilderness in Himalayas
Situated at the base of Nanda Devi peak, India’s second highest peak; the Nanda Devi National Park is situated in the higher ranges of Himalaya in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand in North India. Designated as the World Heritage Site, the park has unique topography and supports several habitats, species and eco-systems. It was declared a sanctuary in 1939 and a UNESCO Biosphere reserve in 2004.
Attractions in the National Park
Flora: The Flora is supposed to be one of the richest preserves of the world with at least 312 floral species of which 17 are very rare one. It is also famous for the ‘valley of flower’. The geography of the flora is divided into two circles the inner and the outer circles respectively. As we move into the inner circle the vegetation is quite dry and there is almost nil vegetation near the Nanda Devi glacier. Vegetation changes from alpine to junipers scrubs that dominate the vegetal growth of inner circle. Apart from juniper vegetation, grasses, prone mosses and lichens are also found.
Fauna: The fauna of Nanda Devi National Park is rich in some of the Himalayan species like serow, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan musk deer, bharal, goral, brown bear, leopard, common langur.
Avifauna: According to the latest statistics report there are some 114 species of birds in Park which includes both the native and the migratory birds. Warblers, grosbeaks, finches, and ruby throat represent the majority of the avifauna here. The species of birds seen here are crested Black Tit, yellow-bellied Fantail Flycatcher, orange-flanked Bush Robin, blue fronted Redstart, Indian Tree Pipit, Vinaceous Breasted Pipit, Common Rosefinch and Nutcracker. There are at least 28 different varieties of butterflies seen here.
Joshimath: Joshimath is a famous pilgrimage centre from where you can trek to the Valley of Flowers. Joshimath has a tourist bungalow, hotels and Dharamshala. The ideal time to visit this place is from July to August.
Badrinath, Valley of Flowers, and Hemkund Sahib are all wonderful destinations in this region and all can be approached from the Nanda Devi National Park. The Nanda Devi peak is considered to be one of the toughest peaks to climb in the world and a favorite destination of mountaineers from across the globe.
When to Visit
April to June is the months when the temperature increases a bit and they are the months when one can visit this place.
How to Reach
By Air: The Jolly Grand Airport is the nearest domestic airport from the national park. The nearest international airport is located in Delhi.
By Rail: Haridwar is the nearest railway station, located about 300 km from the park.
By Road: Lata village, which is the entrance of the park, is connected by road to Joshimath (23 km), Rishikesh, Dehradun and Haridwar.