Flaunting with its innumerable harbours and beaches, Mumbai is an island city in India. It is the capital city of Maharashtra. Previously known as Bombay, it was initially conglomeration of seven islands on the Konkan coastline. The city got its name from 'Bom Bahia', which means 'Beautiful Bay'. Mumbai serves as the business capital of India. This largest metropolis boasts of a diverse culture. The city is the famous home town of Bollywood. It also houses the largest slum population of Indian. The city represents a fine fusion of religions, music, theatres, food and festivities. Mumbai also takes pride in being the city that has the most active night life. The city celebrates all the popular festivals of India like Diwali, Holi, Eid, Navratri, Durga Puja and Ganesh Chaturthi with great enthusiasm.
The history of Mumbai dates back to around 250 BC, the Stone Age. Maurya Dynasty ruled the city beginning from 3rd century with Emperor Ashoka. Then it was ruled by Hindu kings up to 13th century. In 1534 AD, the Portuguese invaded the land and then it was passed over to the British. In 1942, Mumbai was the centre of Indian Independence struggle during Quit India Movement.
Major Tourist Attractions in Mumbai
Gateway of India
A stunning symbol of the British era, Gateway of India is the most recognized monument of the city. Built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Marry to Mumbai, the structure was completed in 1920. This impending structure is the first thing that comes into the sight of visitors while arriving Mumbai by boat.
Lying in the central Mumbai, Haji Ali is a mosque as well as a tomb. It was built in 1431 by an affluent Muslim merchant and Sufi saint Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari, who changed the course of his life after visiting Mecca. Located amidst the ocean, the Dargah is accessible during low tide from a 500 yard long walkway.
It is among the most scenic stretches amidst the concrete jungle of the city. This C shaped natural bay links Nariman Point with Malabar hills. Its well-laid pathways are used by public to relax in the evenings. Termed as the 'Queen's necklace', it is a good place to soak in the charm of serene ambience.
Prince of Wales Museum
This popular museum marks the visit of Prince of Wales in India. The magnificent structure lies at a stone's throw distance from the Gateway of India. After independence, it is known as 'Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya'. It houses three main sections-Natural history, Art and Archaeology. All the sections showcase various precious artifacts like rare collections of Buddhist Tangkas and sample of Nepali and Tibetan art.
Other Places to Visit
Hanging Gardens and Kamla Nehru Park, Jain Temple, Lonavala, Elephanta Caves, Tower of Silence, Victoria Gardens, Mani Bhavan, Juhu and Chowpatty Beaches are the other famous places to visit in Mumbai.
Best Time to Visit
Between September and April
Tourists can savour a variety of delicacies in Mumbai. The traditional Mumbai food includes Potato bhaji, Okra bhaji, Batatya rassa and Chinch- gulach. The Maharastrian sweets like Puran Poli and Modak are also popular. Roadside bhel puris, pawbhajis and golgappe add flavour the Mumbai food.
The city of Mumbai is a favourite destination for shopaholics. Visitors can collect fashionable buys like jewellery, clothes, bags and footwear. Juhu Beach, Marine drive and VT area house many shopping outlets. Other popular shopping areas include Fashion street, Colaba Causeway, Zaveri Bazaar.
The city has the abundance of accommodation options ranging from budget-friendly to luxury hotels. Back-packers and businesspersons can easily find a hotel at an affordable price. Well-equipped with all the modern amenities, these hotels in Mumbai offer a comfortable stay.
How to Reach
The city has national and international airports, connecting it with major cities of India and abroad.
Mumbai is a major railway hub of India with its headquarters to two railway segments, Central and Western. Chattrapati Shivaji Terminal is the main railway station.
Good motorable roads link Mumbai to all main cities and towns. The cities like Pune (163 km), Nashik (184 km), Mahabaleshwar (239 km), Ahmedabad (545 km) and Vadodara (432 km) can be accessed to Mumbai.