Uttar Pradesh is at the heartland of India and has dominated the culture, religion and history of the country. It is believed to be the birthplace of Hinduism. The Ganges defines its religious and cultural landscape sacred in itself and nurturing some of the holiest cities like Varanasi and Allahabad. The monuments here are exemplifications of incredible artistry and magic that human hands can weave.
Famous Forts and Monuments
Known as the “Crown Palace”, the Taj is an immense mausoleum of white marble built in Agra during 1631-1648 by Mughal ruler Shahjahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz. It is the jewel of Muslim art in India; a world heritage site and one of the 7 wonders of the world. The monument presents a perfect combination of Mughal, Persian and Islamic architecture style.
The city of victory is a fascinating ghost city founded by Akbar in the 16th century. Still perfectly preserved, this complex of palaces, mosques, gardens and pavilions is a rich legacy of Mughal era. The religious buildings in it are the imposing Jama Masjid with Buland Darwaza and the secular buildings are Diwan-i-Khas, Birbal’s House and Panch Mahal.
Built in the 17th century by Raja Bir Singh Deo, the Jhansi Fort is an architectural delight because of its huge size and beauty. The fort played a major role during the first war of independence and it had once been the residence of Rani Lakshmi Bai. One can also see inside the Fort Panch Mahal Palace and 2 Temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Ganesha.
Founded in 6th century BC, Ayodhya is one of the 7 sacred cities of India. It is the birthplace of Lord Rama. It is a city of temples of several religions. A miscellany of structures here reveals the legendary tales of the 4 main religion sects.
Constructed by Akbar in 1565, the Red Fort of Agra is located on the banks of river Yamuna. It is the most important and robustly built stronghold of Mughals embellished with buildings, which encompass the Mughal style of art. It worked both as a military strategic point and a royal residence. The Fort contains some of the exquisite structures, which are Sheesh Mahal, Anguri Bagh, Khas Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas and many others.
Built by Raja Balwant Singh in 17th century, Ramnagar Fort in Varanasi is one of the most beautiful forts in the world. Annual Ram Leela was started here in 18th century hence the name Ramnagar. It is still famous for its 31 day long Ram Leela, which is performed every year. Carved balconies, open courtyards and picturesque pavilions mark its architecture.