Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, Stupas, forts and palaces are dotted all over Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India. It is the 2nd largest state in India and home to a rich cultural heritage. It is an assortment of everything; high mountain ranges, meandering rivers, dense forests and much more. The state is a religious hub of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islamism.
Famous forts and palaces
Is the ship palace at Mandu. Situated between 2 artificial lakes, this 2 storied architectural marvel is so named as it appears a ship floating in water. It was built in 15th century by Ghiyas-ud-Din and was served as a harem for the sultans. It is best viewed from the uppermost terrace of Taveli Mahal. The palace reflects the spirit of romantic beauty and gaiety of imperial life of Muslim rulers.
Is the biggest fort in Central India built by Raja Man Singh Tomar in the 15th century. It has been a scene of momentous events: imprisonments, battles and jauhars. The greatest martyrs of India Tantia Tope and Rani of Jhansi made this fort as their battlefield. The fort is flanked by statue of Jain tirthankars.
Jai Vilas palace
Was constructed by Maharaja Jayaji Rao Scindia in 1875. It is a European style palace converted into a museum situated in Gwalior. Its unique architecture - a mix of Italian, Tuscan and Corinthian is remarkable. The museum exhibits a collection of antiques that belong to Scindia region. It is particularly famous for its Durbar hall which is decorated in gilt and gold furnishings and adorned with huge carpet and gigantic chandeliers.
Known as the great stupa, Sanchi Stupa is the largest structure surrounded by railings with 4 carved gateways facing all 4 directions. Its foundation was laid by King Asoka in 3rd century BC. The framework of stupa reflects the people's love for nature. It also has a large number of Brahmi inscriptions.
Known as the swing palace, it is named due to its sloping side walls. The main attraction is the T-shaped building with a main hall that has 6 arched openings on its both sides. It was built during the reign of Hoshang Shah around 1425 BC. Neatly chiseled stonework is the perfect example of architectural style of Malwa period.
Raj Mahal palace
Located in Orchha, the palace was built by Rudra Pratap Singh in the 16th century. The prominent features are the huge towers crowned by chatris in the exterior and colored mural paintings based on various religious themes in the interiors. Another segment within the palace is Sheesh Mahal. It also has 2 courtyards built in the mandapa style which were used by Bundela Queens.