Gujarat forts and palaces showcase extraordinary architectural monuments. A unique blend of Hindu, Islamic and European architecture is observed in these Gujarat forts and palaces. Gujarat is a region steeped in history and happens to be one state, which has a lot of history and culturally standing out traits attached to it. Forts and Palaces of Gujarat constitute of impressive architectural monuments and the historical backdrop is one component which is major attraction for the tourists who want to be with the history of Gujarat.
Famous Forts and Palaces in Gujarat
Uperkot Fort: Came to existence during the Nawabi rule. The Fort is passed through stages of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, British colonization, Islamic invasions and the Nawabi grandeur. The Fort has ruins of the mosque, a Jama Masjid, Buddhist caves dating back to 2nd century A.D. It also has an ornate entrance gateway leading to the fort. The Fort wall stands 20 m high at some places and a huge moat, some 300 ft deep.
Pawagadh Fort: Stands out as an exemplary historical monument. A pilgrimage spot, called the Shakti Peeth, the Pawagadh hill leads to the hill top temple of the Goddess Kali. It is home to other attractions like the ruins of Patai Rawal Palace and Naulakha Kotha mansion and Pawagadh is equally important for Hindus and Jains going by their separate religious beliefs. The mythological belief makes the Pawagadh hill popular is the symbolic toe of the Goddess Sati, who happened to have fallen on earth.
Surat Castle (Old Fort): In 1540, Sultan Mahmud III had this castle built on the banks of River Tapti with extra strength for protection against Portuguese raids. An attraction of the Surat Castle is the imposing gateway in its east wings that during its construction time had a door with protruding spikes to keep the enemy away. The castle now houses several government offices.
Navlakaha Palace: Dates back to 17th century. This palace is one of the oldest and the most beautiful palace in Gondal. This palace is situated on the banks of the river on a grand masonry base, rising to the monumental scale of at least 30 m above the river bed. This palace was built in about nine lakhs and thus named so. The palace is approached by the high gateway with the clock tower from the town side. The grand Durbar Hall has series of huge windows which open into long balcony supported by intricately carved brackets.
Aina Mahal Old Palace: Is an old Palace that was built in the 18th century. It has now been transferred into a museum. The Aina Mahal is famous for a housing an awesome Hall of Mirrors from which the palace get its name. The layout, design and decorations of Bhuj Aina Mahal were highly influenced by a royal dream that had eventually been converted into reality by an extremely deft craftsman, Ramsinh Malam.
Kusum Vilas Palace: Was built in the early decades of the 20th century and is an imposing building with porticoes, courtyards, 30 acres of open grounds and outhouses. The interiors are beautiful with original French furniture of the Louis XIV style, chandeliers, grand dining and drawing rooms and old billiards room. The design concept was to create a palace in a harmonious fusion of the architectural style of Champaner with modern amenities of an elevator and other functional requirements.
How to Reach
By Air: Apart from an international airport at Ahmedabad, Gujarat has 10 domestic airports.
By Rail: The towns and cities of Gujarat are networked to other destinations in the country by mail, express and superfast trains.
By Road: Well-sprung 2 and 4 lane highways network the state linking it to other parts of the nation. The Gujarat state transport corporation runs bus services to all the places in and around Gujarat.