Delhi, the enchanting capital of India reflects a perfect fusion of the past and the present. It is the epicenter of nation's politics, economy and culture. The history is still alive and throbbing here as Hindu and Islamic dynasties have ruled from here leaving their imprint in the form of relics. The monuments serve as a testament to Delhi's illustrious past.
Famous Forts and Monuments of Delhi
Completed in 1200 AD in red and buff sandstone, Qutub Minar is the highest individual tower in the world. The canonical structure provides a wonderful panoramic view of the city. Numerous inscriptions in Arabic and Nagari in various places of Minar reveal the history of Qutub. It also houses a 7m high iron pillar and the Quwwat-ul-islam mosque, the first mosque of India.
Shahjahan's elegant citadel in red sandstone built in 1638 on the embankments of Yamuna River; Red Fort is a true manifestation of the golden period of Mughal era. It is the site of India's national functions. On Independence Day the flag is hoisted here every year. Inside there are 14 distinct structures. A light and sound show is held every evening giving an insight of Mughal history.
Designed by Sir Edward Lutyens in 1937, India Gate or War Memorial commemorates the death of 90,000 Indian soldiers; their names are inscribed on its walls besides which there is an eternal flame Amar Jawan Jyoti. It is located in Raj path, the royal way leading to president's residence. The place is illuminated with thousands of lights that create a gracious impact at night.
Built in 1565 AD by Bega begum in the memory of Humayun, it is the first garden tomb in India that follows the Charbagh style. The monument is considered to be precursor of Taj Mahal in architecture. Several graves of Mughal rulers are located inside the walled enclosure. It is a perfect blend of Indo- Persian style and was declared a world heritage site in 1993.
Baha'i temple is the house of worship completed in 1986 under the supervision of Persian architect Fariborz Sahba. Lotus, the shape of the temple personifies peace and prosperity. Sanctum of 27 petals stands at 40 m tall surrounded by 9 ponds and it appears as if temple is floating like lotus. It is among the 7 Baha'i houses of worship.
Old Fort (Purana Qila)
Constructed in the Lodi style of architecture by Sher Shah Suri in 1541, the fort has Hindu elements fused with Muslim style of arches and domes. The 2 prominent features are the northern and the southern gateways. Close to the fort is the pond, which has paddle boating facility and inside there is well-grafted and maintained lawns.