Kaziranga National Park lies partly in Golaghat District and partly in Nagaon District of Assam. It is the oldest park in Assam covering an area of 430 Sq km along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South. The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes. One can even see the rhinos and wild elephants straying near the highway. Kaziranga National Park a world heritage site is famous for the Great Indian one horned rhinoceros; the landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes & shallow pools. It has been declared as National Park in 1974.
Attractions in Kaziranga National Park
The flora chiefly constitute of 3 major types: alluvial inundated grasslands comprising of tall thickets of elephant grass and short grasses, tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests. But, the main characteristics of flora in Kaziranga are the dense and tall elephant grass intermixed by small swamplands left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra. In addition to grasses and forests, the swamps of Kaziranga National Park have an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus, providing a beautiful look to the surroundings of the park.
Apart from being a rich natural habitat for the great Indian One-horned Rhinos, sanctuary also has a sizable population of the Wild Buffalos and Indian Elephants. Kaziranga National Park also shelters about 15 species of India's threatened mammals. Apart from the above mentioned three, other most notable wildlife of Kaziranga National Park include mammals such as Royal Bengal tiger, eastern mole, pangolin, Indian gaur, Swamp deer, Sambar, barking deer, Macau, Leopard and soon. Besides this, one can spot reptiles such as Snakes, lizards, Crocodiles and turtles.
Kaziranga National Park is also home to a large number of bird species. In the park you will meet - Oriental Honey Buzzard, Black-Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, White Tailed Eagle, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, etc. Migratory birds descend in the park's lakes and swampy areas during winters.
Excursions from Kaziranga
Tourists can also visit the nearby areas of the Kaziranga, like the Kakochang waterfalls, about 13 km from Bokakhat in the Jorhat district of Assam. The ruins of the ancient Numaligarh (in the Golaghat district of Assam), the lush coffee and rubber plantations of the nearby Karbi Anglong are also interesting enough to visit. The tea gardens of Methoni, Difalu, Behora Borchapori (all in Assam) are also finest places here to visit.
When to Visit
The best time to visit Kaziranga Park is from mid-November to early April when the climatic conditions are quite cold but most favorable for spotting the wildlife.
How to Reach
The nearest airport is situated at Guwahati, around 217km away from the park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 97km from Kaziranga.
The nearest railhead is Furkating, situated 75km away from National Park.
One can take a bus or taxi from Guwahati or Jorhat to the sanctuary. The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is at Kohora on the NH-37. ASTC and private buses stop here on their way to and from Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam.